Editor’s Note: Mark Roe
is the David Berg Professor of Law at Harvard Law School, where he teaches bankruptcy and corporate law. Work from the Program on Corporate Governance about shareholder voting includes Private Ordering and the Proxy Access Debate
by Bebchuk and Hirst; more posts about proxy access are available here
. This post is part of the Delaware law series
, which is cosponsored by the Forum and Corporation Service Company; links to other posts in the series are available here
At the Columbia Law School conference on the Delaware Chancery Court this November, I summarized my recent working paper The Corporate Shareholder’s Vote and Its Political Economy, in Delaware and in Washington. I discuss this paper below. Related work includes Delaware’s Competition, Delaware’s Politics, and Delaware and Washington as Corporate Lawmakers.
Shareholder power to effectively nominate, contest, and elect the company’s board of directors became core to the corporate governance reform agenda in the past decade, as corporate scandal and financial stress put business failures and scandals into headlines and onto policymakers’ agendas. As is well known to corporate analysts, the incentive structure in corporate elections typically keeps shareholders passive, and incumbent boards largely control the electoral process, usually nominating and electing themselves or their chosen successors. Contested corporate elections are exceedingly rare. But shareholder power to directly place their nomination for a majority of the board in the company-paid-for voting documents, as the SEC has pushed toward, could revolutionize American corporate governance by sharply shifting authority away from insiders, boards, and corporate managements. During the past decade, the SEC proposed, withdrew, and then promulgated rules that would shift the control of some corporate election machinery, to elect a minority of the board, away from insiders and into shareholders’ hands. Then, in July 2011, the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals struck down the most aggressive of the SEC’s rules.
…continue reading: The Corporate Shareholder’s Vote and Its Political Economy