Introduction to Web 2.0 for Scholarship and Networking

Introduction to Web 2.0 for Scholarship and Networking

I gave this talk to a group of educators from the country Georgia studying in the United States.

Jessica Baumgart
Wednesday, April 18, 2007

What is Web 2.0?

  • Name derives from software version trends

  • Web 2.0 is a more participatory Web
  • Pre-participatory Web is sometimes called Web 1.0

Web 1.0 vs. Web 2.0

  • One to one

  • Information flow: creator –> consumer
  • Medium: not many other options besides text
  • One to many, many to many
  • Information flow: creator <–> consumer
  • Media: often written text, but now there’s far more audio, video, other formats

Why Web 2.0 Now?

  • Technological advances

  • Importance of other people’s voices, thoughts, perspectives, etc.
  • Value of community

What better way to learn about Web 2.0 than to view a short Web 2.0 video
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6gmP4nk0EOE

Let’s Talk about Some Web 2.0 Tools

Weblogs

  • Specialized Web sites with one or a few authors

  • Can be about anything
  • Definitions vary, but features often include short posts, links to other sites, and comments
  • Can be hosted, run on own server, on intranet

Weblog Examples

Wikis

  • Sites anyone can edit

  • Excellent for collaboration
  • Can run on the public Internet, private intranets, etc.
  • Wikipedia made the software famous

Examples of Wikis

XML Feeds

  • 2 leading formats: RSS and Atom

  • Way of distributing streamlined content
  • Enclosures–a way to send files with feeds used in podcasting, video blogging, and more

Podcasts

  • An XML feed that includes an audio file

  • Used by podcasters, radio shows, etc., to distribute their content

What are Aggregators?

  • Software that transforms XML feeds into something readable

  • Can run on a computer or on the Web

Aggregator Examples

Social Bookmarking Tools

Sharing and Rating Links

Sharing Images Online

Photo Sites

  • Not necessarily new: Yahoo! Photos, etc.

  • What makes some sites new is the community and participatory nature of the sites
  • Flickr: http://www.flickr.com/

Video Sites

Videos

  • Popularity of moving pictures

  • Technological advances across the board make this easier
  • One-time short films to vlogging to serials

Video Sites

Social Networking

  • Visually connect your contacts together

  • View other people’s contacts
  • Networking

Social Networking Sites

Sharing Music

  • Technology makes this easy

  • Any musician can distribute their work
  • Cut out the recording studios

Music Sites

Sharing Books

Other Aspects of Web 2.0

Tagging

  • People can assign their own keywords to things–not just their content, but other people’s content as well

  • Assists with finding material and linking material together

Copyright

  • What about using these materials for educational purposes?

  • Need to rethink rights models

Search Engines

  • Challenged by new content forms

  • Can’t really index audio or video content yet
  • Growing to include new content
  • Specialized search engines

Web 2.0 in the Workforce

  • Renesys uses blogs and wikis.

Knut the Polar Bear Cub

Thank you!
Jessica Baumgart
http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/jkbaumga/
jkbaumga [at] yahoo.com

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