Archive for the 'Berkman Center' Category

Radio Berkman 148: Lies, Damned Lies, and Technology

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In an age when every conversation, email, and tweet could be digitally archived, how honest we are - or how deceptive – is open for scrutiny. But there is still a lot we don’t know about the nature of deception.

How can we tell if someone is telling the truth? Are there verbal cues, in addition to the sweaty palms and rapid heartbeat? Is there a difference between lies, or is every lie the same? And how does the medium of conversation – an email, a text message, a phone call – affect the type of lie we might tell?

This week on the podcast, Judith Donath interviews Jeff Hancock, of the Social Media Lab at Cornell University, on how we lie, and the role technology plays in the evolution of the lie.

Listen:
or download
…also in Ogg!

Reference Section:
More on Cornell’s Social Media Lab
Watch Jeff’s April 5, 2010 talk: Technology and Deception

CC Music this week:
Neurowaxx: Pop Circus
Robert Rich: Cowell Piano

Photo courtesy of Flickr user JaeYong

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Daniel Reetz on The Why in DiY Book Scanning

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The DiY Book Scanner community has produced a diverse ecosystem of book scanning hardware and software to address a wide range of human needs since it was founded in June 2009. Daniel Reetz- an artist and a Ph.D student studying visual neuroscience – recently developed a high-speed book scanning system using open source technology, cheap cameras, and garbage. In this talk he presents case studies from the DiY community, and fosters discussion on how the future of digital books can address unmet needs.

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CC photo courtesy of flickr user pugno_muliebriter

Matt Dunne on Transforming the Last Mile State

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Vermont is currently the least connected state in the country and has been ranked among the bottom three states for government transparency and use of the Internet to deliver services. Matt Dunne – former State Senator, Head of Community Affairs for Google and current candidate for Vermont Governor – gives some suggestions on how states like Vermont can leapfrog a technology generation and lead the nation in connectivity, transparency and innovation.

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Donnie Dong on Cyber-pluralism: Can We Get Along with Each Other in a “Splitting” Internet?

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From pervasive doubtable usage of copyright works in Chinese web-sphere to Google’s latest dilemma in China, it seems the Internet as an open, universal and single network is still an “ought to” imagination but not a truth.

Donnie Dong (Hao Dong) – a Fellow at the Berkman Center and a Fulbright Junior Scholar – presents new developments about China’s IP (Intellectual Property), IG (Internet Governance) and IB (Internet Business), and discusses a possible new perspective from which to observe the Internet: Cyber-pluralism.

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…or download the OGG video format!

Radio Berkman 146: The Early Days of the Avatar

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Millions of people are now interacting in virtual worlds like Second Life and World of Warcraft using the guise of avatars. In these spaces, users can actually design their avatars to be subtly or radically different from who they are in real life.

And it turns out how people interact through their avatars – the signals they give one another through conversation and appearance – can tell us a lot about the choices and biases that inform our behavior in the real world.

Jeremy Bailenson of Stanford University’s Virtual Human Interaction Lab has been doing a number of experiments with people, avatars, and virtual worlds. As avatars become more common and more useful outside of gaming – people are already using avatars for virtual workplaces, customer service, and advertising – questions of ethics, trust, and honesty become significantly more important.

After all, it’s one thing if your avatar is casually conversing with, battling, or dating another avatar who might not be what he or she seems in real life. It’s quite another when corporations or political candidates realize that they can handcraft an avatar to take advantage of your biases and earn your trust for their own purposes.

Jeremy sat down with Judith Donath – who leads the Berkman Center’s Law Lab Spring 2010 Speaker Series: The Psychology and Economics of Trust and Honesty – to talk more about this fascinating topic.

Listen:
or download
…also in Ogg!

Reference Section:
Watch the segment featuring the work of Jeremy and the Virtual Human Interaction Lab at Stanford
Watch Jeremy’s recent talk at the Berkman Center
Notes from the talk from Judith Donath

CC Music:
Jaspertine: “Pling”

Photo courtesy of Flickr user bettinatizzy

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John Wilbanks on Overcoming Systemic Resistance to Generativity in Science

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Scientific research has been resistant to adopt the kinds of “generative” effects we’ve seen in networks and culture. John Wilbanks – Vice President of Science Commons – discusses the systemic sources of this resistance, and some of the interventions from free culture and free software world that are helping a generative system to emerge.

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John Wilbanks on Overcoming Systemic Resistance to Generativity in Science [AUDIO]

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Scientific research has been resistant to adopt the kinds of “generative” effects we’ve seen in networks and culture. John Wilbanks – Vice President of Science Commons – discusses the systemic sources of this resistance, and some of the interventions from free culture and free software world that are helping a generative system to emerge.

Download the MP3

…or download the OGG audio format!

Lawrence Lessig’s Wireside Chat on Fair Use, Politics, and Online Video

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Video thumbnail. Click to play
Look out for a full quality archive of this video (with Q & A) soon!

Rebecca Bliege Bird on Mutualism, Altruism, and Signaling in Martu Women’s Cooperative Hunting

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Rebecca Bliege Bird tested a conventional hypothesis of cooperative hunting – that working together will yield higher returns than working alone – among female hunters of the Martu Aboriginal communities in Western Australia. She found that cooperation only provides increased returns to poorer hunters while disadvantaging better hunters. Rebecca tests a signaling model of benefit, which proposes that better hunters share a greater proportion of their catch than poorer hunters as a way to signal a commitment to public goods provisioning and egalitarianism through their ‘pecuniary disinterest’.

Click Above for Video
…or download the OGG video format!

Rebecca Bliege Bird on Mutualism, Altruism, and Signaling in Martu Women’s Cooperative Hunting [AUDIO]

0

Rebecca Bliege Bird tested a conventional hypothesis of cooperative hunting – that working together will yield higher returns than working alone – among female hunters of the Martu Aboriginal communities in Western Australia. She found that cooperation only provides increased returns to poorer hunters while disadvantaging better hunters. Rebecca tests a signaling model of benefit, which proposes that better hunters share a greater proportion of their catch than poorer hunters as a way to signal a commitment to public goods provisioning and egalitarianism through their ‘pecuniary disinterest’.

Download the MP3

…or download the OGG audio format!

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